Istanbul – Hagia Sophia Museum
Hagia Sophia museum – it used to be a church then a mosque – is considered a unique monument in architecture all around the world and its beauty has been an example and inspiration for many posterior Ottoman monuments and mosques. Hagia Sophia with its exceptional history forms a synthesis between eastern and western culture. This magnificent monument is one of the wonders of the world that has remained intact until today. There are many attractions that can be found in Hagia Sophia – interesting forms of Byzantine architecture, mosaics of the Christian times as well as structures added during the Ottoman era. Today is Hagia Sophia Museum has been a church and Christian Worship place for 916 year and then converted into a mosque and served Muslim religion during 481 years. Hagia Sophia Museum was opened in 1935 and it has been attracting hundreds of visitors every year from all around thw world.
The museum is open between 9.30-16.30 every day.
Hagia Sophia Museum Sultanahmet 34400 Istanbul, Turkey Phone: +90 212 5221750 – +90 212 5220989 Fax: +90 212 5125474
Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum:
Built in 1524 by Ibrahim Pasha, the Grand Vizier of the period of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent,and also known as DAMAT IBRAHIM PASHA – he was the husband of the sister of Sultan Suleyman. This museum has been built by Ibrahim Pasha as a palace where he and his family lived for years. It was the biggest and the most magnificent private residences in the Ottoman Empire – and one of the veryfew thatcould have survived. Some of it, however, was destroyed and rebuilt in stone to the original designs in 1843..
Underground Cistern – Yerebatan Sarnici
Nearby Hagia Sophia Sofia is the 6th century, underground Basilica cistern of Byzantine times, with 335 massive Corinthian columns supporting the giant chamber’s fine brick vaulting. This is one of few buried into the city’s foundations, and the first to have been excavated and renovated. ıt is thought to have been built in the 4th century by the emperor Constantine, then enlarged two centuries later, it was supplied with water from Belgrade Forest, amd supplied it to the Great Palace and Topkapi Palace.
Blue Mosque- Sultanahmed Mosque
The Blue Mosque – In Turkish: Sultanahmet Cami – is a historical mosque in Istanbul, the biggest and thw widest city in Turkey and the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. The mosque is popularly known as Blue Mosque for its blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior. Its construction had begun in 1609 and finishes in 1616, during the period of Ahmed I. Like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasah and a hospice. While still used as a mosque, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque has also become a popular tourist attraction.
There is a short history about Blue Mosque. We are not sure if it is true or not but they say that Sultan Ahmed asked the architect to build a very big mosque with minarets made of gold but arcitect was not as dreamer as the Sultan and knew that it would cost super expensive and the Empire's treasure was not big enough to afford it but the problem was he had no chance to say his idea and say NO! whatever is the Sultan's order. He took the risk and built a mosque with six minarets and when the Sultan saw the mosque, he apologized and said that he misunderstood what he had said. In Turkish language: Six: Alti and Gold : Altin. They say that it is the reason why this mosque has six tall minarets.
The Topkapı Palace is a big palace in Istanbul, Turkey, that was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans during almost 400 years (1465-1856) of their 624-year reign. As well as a royal residence, the palace was a setting for state occasions and royal entertainments. It is now a major tourist attraction and contains important holy relics of the Muslim world including the Prophet Muhammed’s cloak and sword. The Topkapı Palace is among the monuments contained within the "Historic Areas of Istanbul", which became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985,
Hippodrome has been thecenter of old Istanbul's political and sporting life for 500 years of Ottoman history as well. It's now a city park called At Meydanı (Horse Ground) because of its function in Ottoman period.
Grand Bazaar or Covered Bazaar
The Grand Bazaar – in Turkish Kapali Carsi in Istanbul is one of the biggest and the oldest covered markets in the world, with its 61 covered streets and over 3,000 shops which attract almost 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily. It is located in Beyazıt area – clos to Sultahmed Old City Center
Istanbul is considered to have seven hills and The Suleymaniye Mosque is an Ottoman mosque located on the Third Hill of Istanbul, Turkey. It is the second biggest mosque in the city, and one of the best-known sights of Istanbul. During the last two years it was inactive and under construction but now it is done and can be visited any time.
Spice Bazaar or Egyptian Bazaar
The Spice Bazaar – in Turkish Misir Carsisi – in Istanbul, Turkey is one of the biggest bazaars in the city with different kinds of smells coming from the inside. It is Located in Eminönü, it is the second largest covered shopping place after the Grand Bazaar.
The Galata Tower or Galata Kulesi in Turkish — called Christea Turris (the Tower of Christ in Latin) by the Genoese — is a medieval stone tower in the Galata district of Istanbul, Turkey, just to the north of the Golden Horn. One of the city's most striking landmarks, it is a high, cone-capped cylinder that dominates the skyline and affords a panoramic vista of Old Istanbul and its environs
Dolmabahche Palace – in Turkish called Dolmabahce Sarayi is located in the Besiktaş district of Istanbul, Turkey, on the European side of Istanbul, served as the main administrative center of the Ottoman Empire from 1856 to 1922, apart from a 22-year interval between 1887–1909 in which Yıldız Palace was used.
It is also very important for being the last residence of our grand leader ATATURK. Dolmabahce Sarayi is where he passed away.
The Beylerbeyi Palace , in Turkish Beylerbeyi meaning "Lord of Lords" is located in the Beylerbeyi neighbourhood of Istanbul, Turkey at the Asian side of the Bosphorus. An Imperial Ottoman summer residence built in the 1860s, it is now situated immediately north of the 1973 Bosphorus Bridge .